Glossary of terms
Abnormal, excessively strong response of the organism to factors which normally do not cause any unusual reactions in non-allergic persons.
Immediate strong allergic reaction - pressure spikes, fainting, swelling of the larynx, or even death.
Decontamination procedure aimed at destroying microorganisms on the skin, mucous membranes and in infected wounds. Unlike disinfection, antiseptics does not refer to the decontamination of objects.
Preventing static electricity and attraction of electric charges; dissipating electric charges and preventing their build-up.
Internal MM abbreviation meaning glove assortment architecture – a change introduced in the glove brand architecture, including trade name change, glove packaging change; rebranding of the assortment.
AQL (Acceptable Quality Level) usually refers to the product’s impermeability, absence of holes (gloves), but may also refer to other features such as strength, external appearance. This is also a limit of average permissible faults in the production process. The level determined based on the quantity of defective products in the tested sample. AQL is not expressed as a %. The lower the AQL, the lower the likelihood of a defective product.
For medical and protective gloves, the minimum AQL for the absence of holes is 1.5.
Procedures seeking to ensure the sterility of rooms, instruments, dressing materials and other objects in order to prevent microorganisms from entering a certain environment, e.g. an open wound
An entity residing or established in an EU member state, which is designated by the manufacturer to act on its behalf, and which – instead of the manufacturer/producer – may be contacted by other entities, authorities and institutions of EU member states in the matters concerning obligations of the manufacturer specified in the Medical Devices Act.
Surrogate microbe used to test virus penetration through the glove wall
Document – A declaration of the manufacturer or its authorised representative, indicating under its sole responsibility that the device is in conformity with the essential requirements.
Chlorination involves the exposure of gloves to diluted chlorine followed by neutralisation and rinsing to remove any chlorine residues. It can be carried out on the production line (in which case the glove is chlorinated inside) or in the post-production phase (the glove is chlorinated both inside and outside). Chlorination makes the surface of the glove slippery, which facilitates donning.
Also known as anti-cancer drugs. It is a group of natural and synthetic substances toxic to cancer cells used in cancer chemotherapy, so-called chemotherapy.
- the Directive defines a medicinal product. In addition, it specifies requirements for medical devices, such as the fact that medical devices should bear a CE mark indicating their conformity with the provisions of this Directive, which allows their free movement within the Community and their application according to the intended use.'
- it also defines the responsibilities of the Manufacturer (producer), importer, distributor.
- it specifies the type of documents that the product must have to successfully pass the conformity assessment
- gloves as a medicinal product are classified as follows:
class I (non-sterile)
class I sterile
class II a (sterile)
Wearing 2 pairs of gloves for surgical procedures to increase safety and minimise the risk of infection.
Often, the first, inner pair of gloves has a contrasting colour, such as green, and the outer pair has a traditional white/milky colour, which improves visibility of the glove perforation.
Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis C virus
Human immunodeficiency virus
Infection which occurred as a result of a hospital treatment.
To remove the temporary bacterial flora and chemical disinfection of hands; used: before donning and after doffing of gloves; before and after medical procedures (treatments, diagnostic procedures); before and after nursing patients; before and after work in the isolation room; after leaving isolation boxes of patients with infectious diseases; before and after hygiene procedures for patients (changing of underwear, changing of bed sheets); before and after feeding the patient; after contact with infectious and contaminated material (including waste equipment and personal protective equipment of the employee); before and after work at the workstation (cleaning).
To remove the temporary bacterial flora and minimise concentration of the constant flora.
Before invasive procedures and surgeries.
Entry of pathogenic microorganisms into the organism.
Any biological material containing a pathogen, including a virus, in the amount necessary for infection. The most risky source of HBV, HCV and HIV infection is blood and every excretion and secretion containing blood.
The system of colour-coded size allows to identify the glove size quickly and easily. The glove size is assigned a colour code.
Most commonly, type I allergy – immediate reaction
In the latex allergy, the immune system is involved. Latex particles combine with skin proteins, which leads to the formation of sensitising substances that the immune system remembers. As a consequence, allergic symptoms occur after each subsequent contact with this particular sensitising substance (regardless of its amount). Symptoms of sensitisation may occur approximately 5-30 minutes after contact; they include urticaria, rhinitis, conjunctivitis, bronchial asthma, contact eczema, breathing problems
The middle value in the structured data set. Example: In a set of numbers: 1,3,6,8,9,10,11, the median is 8 because this is a value below and above which
the same quantity of numbers is present. In a set containing an even quantity of numbers, e.g.: 1,3,6,8,9,10,11,12, the median is the arithmetic mean of the middle values – in this case: 8 and 9 (median = 8.5).
Trade name of synthetic rubber obtained by polymerisation of chloroprene emulsion (2-chlorobuta-1,3-diene) - polychloroprene. It is more resistant to oils than its natural counterpart, and its ageing process is slower.
Neoprene gloves – MM offers the powder-free version.
Acrylonitrile butadiene rubber (NBR). Material produced from organic chemical compounds. It offers very good resistance to oils, greases and hydrocarbon derivatives, as well as to aromatic and chlorine-based solvents. Nitrile gloves – MM offers the powder-free version.
The most popular raw material used in the production of gloves. It is a resin, milky juice produced by Hevea Brasiliensis rubber trees which grow naturally in Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, China, and South American countries.
NRL stands for natural rubber latex.
A synthetic polymer. Synthetic fibres used for the manufacture of knitted fabrics, woven fabrics, threads, cords.
They are tensile and flexible and absorb colour well.
Exposure to infection during professional work; skin injury with a contaminated, sharp object, mucous membranes or damaged skin coming in contact with: potentially infectious blood, tissues, body fluids of the patient, semen, vaginal secretions, faeces, urine, vomit, saliva, sputum, as well as exposure to toxic compounds, cytostatics, ionising radiation, powdering agent gloves. Occupational exposures are most likely to occur during blood collection, during or immediately after administrating a drug with a needle or cannula, when stitching body tissues, and re-inserting needle covers.
A dedicated part of the hospital where surgeries are performed in the conditions of maximum isolation from sources of infection, close to asepsis.
The process in which a chemical substance passes through the glove material at the molecular level
Passage of chemical agents and/or microorganisms through porous materials, seams, holes or other imperfections in the glove material at the non-molecular level.
A synthetic polymer.
Synthetic fibres used for the manufacture of knitted fabrics, woven fabrics, threads; they are highly resistant to tearing, bending and abrasion, as well as to light and chemicals.
This is an organic chemical compound of the diene group. Polyisoprene gloves offer high strength, flexibility, impermeability and user comfort. No latex proteins. Available in powder-free versions only.
A polymer, petroleum derivative. Widely used in the furniture, automotive, footwear and textile industries.
Properties: tear resistance, abrasion resistance, tensile strength, weather resistance, electro-insulating, non-staining.
Modified flour/corn starch in gloves. A non-stick agent that facilitates donning and doffing of gloves, absorbs sweat. Currently, there is a shift away from powdered gloves as a vector transmitting latex proteins and contributing to allergic reactions, and is an environmental and wound contaminant.
Simple proteins composed solely of amino acids.
Latex proteins – proteins derived from natural rubber latex can cause allergies/allergic reactions, including even anaphylactic
Yellow stains or discolouration may appear on some gloves after donning, as a result of the skin-glove chemical reaction. The skin, after contact with copper, metals, coins, may produce acid sweat which stains the gloves yellow-brown. This does not affect the barrier properties of the gloves.
The PPE Directive classifies OHS articles -– including gloves – into 3 categories of protection, depending on the level of risk to which the employee is exposed at the workplace. Protective gloves are classified according to the hazards they are intended to protect against.
Gloves protection categories:
Category I – simple design – gloves for use in conditions of minimum risk
Protective gloves protect from superficial epidermis damage, temperature not exceeding 50°C and from delicate chemicals with easily reversible effects, e.g. cleaning agents, detergents. Their use improves comfort at work, but is not subject to the test results of special notified bodies.
Category II – categories of intermediate design – categories of gloves for use in conditions of medium risk
Gloves provide protection against medium risks. This category includes gloves used in circumstances with a degree of risk not classifiable as low or very high. These are mainly gloves which protect from chemicals and mechanical damage, e.g. cuts, tears, punctures, abrasions. Medium risk is very common in many industries and is present in most industrial works. must undergo independent tests at the notified body and require appropriate certificates. The manufacturer must confirm the conformity of the product with basic requirements and additional standards which define work in special conditions. Only notified bodies are authorised to issue the CE marking and their name, address and number must appear in the instructions for use accompanying the product.
Category III – complex design – gloves for use in conditions of high risk
Gloves used in situations where it may be difficult for the user to assess the risk at the right time and where there is a high risk of a serious or permanent hand injury, or death, e.g. for works involving chemicals, biological agents, electrical current and live equipment. These gloves must be approved by independent notified bodies. The address, name and number of the notified body must be indicated on the packaging and in the instructions for use of the product. The number of the notified body must be provided at the CE mark.
Delayed reaction to allergens; in the case of gloves, this is usually a reaction to chemicals used in their manufacturing process. Symptoms: eczema, elevated temperature, acute redness, fluid blisters, skin cracks, peeling, lichen, symptoms outside contact areas.
A document concerning personal protective equipment informing about: application of the product, storage/transport conditions and shelf-life, cleaning, maintenance, sterilisation, precautions and hazardous materials, CE classification of the product, pictograms used on the product or packaging, conditions of disposal and the entity responsible for the product.
Polyvinyl chloride; it is a derivative of crude oil and table salt. Gloves offer available +